How to brew the perfect cup of coffee
Equipment - Make sure that your equipment is thoroughly cleaned after each use.
Coffee - Fresh roasted coffee is essential to a superb cup of coffee. Only purchase as much as you can use in about 2 weeks.
The Grind - If you purchase whole bean coffee, always grind your beans as close to the brew time as possible. A burr or mill grinder is preferable because all of the coffee is ground to a consistent size. The size of the grind is important to the taste of your coffee. Grind the beans to the size required by the equipment you will be using - coarse for a French Press, medium for a drip and fine for an espresso machine.
Water - Use filtered or bottled water if your tap water is not good or imparts a strong odor or taste, such as chlorine. If you are using tap water let it run a few seconds before filling your coffee pot. Be sure to use cold water. Do not use distilled or softened water.
Ratio of Coffee to Water - A general guideline is 1 to 2 tablespoons of ground coffee for every 10 ounces of water. This can be adjusted to suit individual taste preferences.
Water Temperature During Brewing - Your brewer should maintain a water temperature between 195 - 205 degrees Fahrenheit for optimal extraction. Colder water will result in flat, underextracted coffee while water that is too hot will also cause a loss of quality in the taste of the coffee. If you are brewing the coffee manually, let the water come to a full boil. Turn off the heat source and allow the water to rest a minute before pouring it over the grounds.
Brewing Time - The amount of time that the water is in contact with the coffee grounds is another important factor affecting the taste of your coffee. In a drip system, the contact time should be approximately 5 minutes. If you are making your coffee using a plunger pot (French Press), the contact time should be 2-4 minutes. Espresso, as the name implies, means that the brew time is short—the coffee is in contact with the water for only 20-30 seconds. If the taste of your coffee is not optimal, it is possible that you are either overextracting (the brew time is too long) or underextracting (the brew time is too short) your coffee. Experiment with the contact time until you can make a cup of coffee that suits your tastes perfectly. Brewed coffee should be enjoyed immediately!
Pour it into a warmed mug or coffee cup so that it will maintain its temperature as long as possible. Brewed coffee begins to lose its optimal taste moments after brewing so only brew as much coffee as will be consumed immediately. If it will be a few minutes before it will be served, the temperature should be maintained at 180 - 185 degrees Fahrenheit. It should never be left on an electric burner for longer than 15 minutes because it will begin to develop a burned taste. If the coffee is not to be served immediately after brewing, it should be poured into a warmed, insulated thermos and used within the next 45 minutes.
Never reheat your coffee.
Enjoy Your Coffee!
Special Coffee Drinks
Traditional Irish Coffee
1.5 oz of Irish Whisky
2 oz cream
After preparing the coffee used as the basis, add the whisky and sugar and serve in a proper glass. Finally, pour in the cream. The cream will separate from the coffee and float, without mixing.
Cafe West Indian